The quaint town of Modhera in Gujarat is forever lit by the magnificence of the Sun Temple. Built in 1026 AD in the honor of the Hindu Sun-God on the shore of river Pushpavati; the shrine has transformed the town into a charming tourist locale. Travelers from far and wide gather to appreciate the splendor of the temple with its erotic sculptures and attend the annual Modhera dance festival in town.
The Geometric Architectural Marvel of Suryakunda
The Sun temple has been carefully fashioned with the inimitable architectural style of the Solanki dynasty prevalent during reign of King Bhimdev. It encompasses 3 distinct axially associated structures, namely Surya Kund, Sabha Mandap and Guda Mandap. The Suryakunda or Ramakunda is the most impressive creation, as it is essentially 53.6 x 36.6 meter water tank that incorporates 108 minuscule shrines. The massive geometric design crafted from stone is indeed an amazing marvel containing countless boulder steps that take priests to the water.
Sights of Modhera
The Sabha Mandap at the Sun temple is adorned by a beautiful archway known as the Toran. Visitors must also head to the sanctum sanctorum to view the reverse lotus-base pedestal that houses the sanctum. It is designed to shower the solid gold Sun God’s idol with the sun’s illuminating rays during sunrise and sunset. Although the temple was plundered and the idol stolen, the carvings depicting Lords Vishnu, Ganesh, Natraj and Sitlamata remain making for an enchanting visit.
The three day Modhera dance festival that takes place in January is a notable event showcasing traditional dance forms.