Goa was among the important trade centres of the ancient and medieval times, dealing in calico, spices, precious metals and many other goods. Having been under various Hindu dynasties for most of its history, it was briefly under Muslim rule. When the Portuguese Christians arrived, they overthrew the Muslim Bahmanis and conquered Goa in 1510. This rule ended when in 1961, the Indian army marched into Goa. These events have influenced Goa –in religion, architecture, language, dress, cuisine and lifestyle of Goans.
In the Tour:
• Drive to the top of a hill for a panoramic view of Goa, where you are shown the layout of the land, highlighting the rivers, islands, transport systems, and providing an overview of life in Goa.
• Visit Se Cathedral (the seat of Goa’s Archbishop), and the Basilica of Bom Jesus which contains the body of Saint Francis Xavier, the Jesuit missionary who was canonised in 1622, in Old (Velha) Goa, the "Rome of the East", which was the administrative seat of the Portuguese.
• Briefly walk through the heritage district of Fountain has – the Latin quarter of Panjim where the traditional colourful houses of the Catholic and Hindu community are still preserved. Here stands the original fountain after which the area was named.
• Walk through the bustling Panjim fish and vegetable market – a large colourful market with all sorts of interesting things on offer.
• Visit a Hindu temple to see the local architectural styles and prayer rituals, learning about Hindu culture.
• If interested, visit the Museum of Christian Art in Goa or the State Museum, go shopping for handicrafts, or visit one of Panjim's popular restaurants to taste the famous Goan seafood.
Duration: Full day - 8 hours